XIX-. XX .

5.2.4. - . 13 1906 .

Page 98.

From Viceroy, 13th July 1906.

Foreign Secret. Tibetan boundaries. Your telegram 28th June. In our view, Tibet includes whole of geographical are known as Tibet lying to south of Kuenluen range, and extending on north and east to tracts near Tsaidam directly under Chinese administration and the provinces of China proper. Whole tract thus defined is within plenary and autonomous jurisdiction of Tibet authorities so far as any jurisdiction can be exercised over northern portion, which is uninhabited for greater part of year save by wandering hunters and gold-seekers. As regards later information than OConnors 1903 report, Chinese Minister at Sining recently stated, in connection with carriage for Dalai Lama, that Upper Tsaidam is shown as subject to control from Lhasa and outside charge of Sining. We are making inquires from Comte Lesdain and Captain Layard, who have recently travelled on Northern Tibet frontier. If further information is forthcoming it will be reported. Incidentally we would remark that, if by term administrative unit, Isvolsky indicates that Tibet is one of ordinary provinces of China, Government of India, in view of historical and existing facts, are unable to admit contention. We regard Tibet as feudatory State under Chinese suzerainty, with large autonomous power, and power to conclude treaties with coterminous States regarding the mutual trade, frontier, &c.

We consider no deputation of Russian representatives to Tibet should in any circumstances be allowed. It is impossible in case like Tibet to draw distinction between religious and political matters, and presence of such a representative would lead to all troubles which it was one of main objects of Younghusbands mission to avert; there is no desire to prevent bon? fide Buriat pilgrims from visiting Holy places in Tibet in accordance with past practice, but we cannot see why such visits alone should necessitate any relations between Tibet and Russia which is not like India on Tibetan boundary, but is separated from Holy places by over one thousand miles of desert and inhospitable country. Proper course in event of interference with Buriat pilgrims would be for Russia to address Chinese Government. As this to Governments of Russia and Japan, we have no objection, provided that attitude that Russia will adopt as regards maintenance of relations with Tibet is cleared up satisfactorily.

| China (4/5) | India (2/4) | Tibet (2/7) | Dalai Lama (1/5) | Isvolsky (1/1) | Kuenluen (1/1) | Layard (1/1) | Lesdain (1/1) | Lhasa (1/4) | OConnor (1/2) | Russia (1/3) | Russian (1/6) | Tsaidam (1/2) | Younghusband (1/1) |

. .
( XIX . - 1917 .)

: . . 1. , , , . . 2. , , , : . . .

Andrey Bazarov and Nikolay Tsyrempilov
Catalogue of Tibetan gSung 'bum Collection of Centre of Oriental Manuscripts and Xylographs of the Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan studies of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Volume I. Non-dGe lugs and Early dGe lugs sections

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